3.2. Installing libraries with cpanm
The best way to install modules is with cpanm.
How to install cpanm
Hopefully its already installed, but if not:
curl -L https://cpanmin.us | perl - --sudo App::cpanminus
cpanm --help # get help cpanm URI # install the URI module from CPAN cpanm DateTime@1.44 # install version 1.44
Installing to a locallib
You will have a different set of dependencies for each project and sometimes requirements conflict between projects. Here is how to install your dependencies to a local directory in your current project:
cpanm --local-lib <path> <module>[@version] cpanm --local-lib local URI # install to ./local cpanm -l local URI # same but less typing
To use a dependency installed to a locallib, include the path in your
$PERL5LIB environment variable:
$ export PERL5LIB=./lib:./local/lib/perl5:$PERL5LIB $ echo $PERL5LIB ./lib:./local/lib/perl5:/opt/perlbrew/libs/perl-5.26.1@mylib/lib/perl5
For more information about locallibs see the documentation for the local::lib module.
You should almost always install to a locallib rather than the system directory.